When it comes to climate, each GLOBE region is faced with its own unique problems. We’ve taken a look at different regions and their problems, such as trees in trouble in North America as well as the Sahel region of Africa, melting glaciers in Chile, and changes in fruit ripening in the United Kingdom. Wild weather, from frigid winter temperatures in Europe to an oscillation between droughts and floods in Australia leave many wondering what the link is to climate. For the Near East North Africa Region, a changing climate touches many aspects of life.
The Near East North Africa region is very sensitive to even small shifts in climate. This region is one of the world’s most water scarce, and is also known for its extreme temperatures. Some regions of Saudi Arabia, for example, can see daily maximum temperatures above 54°C. So it is of no surprise that countries in this region have needed to adapt their activities to deal with harsh environmental conditions. Any change in either temperature or precipitation could have a drastic effect on life in the region.
One potential consequence of climate change is an increase in frequency of droughts and higher temperatures in the region. This could lead to water stressing, a phenomena that results in ground water resources being extracted beyond the aquifer’s ability to replenish. With more droughts, the success of agriculture could fluctuate more widely, with years of surplus followed by years of deficit, with a trend toward the latter. This also could lead to water and air quality issues, resulting in a challenge to all plant, animal and human life.
In the near future, many of these issues will be addressed, as Qatar will host a climate-change talk to boost environmental efforts in the region. According to an article on Bloomberg.com Qatar is looking into cutting emissions, as the country is the largest emitter of carbon dioxide per person in the region. Saudi Arabia is looking to create a solar industry capable of generating a third of its electricity by 2032. It is hoped that this meeting and efforts from countries in the region will mitigate some of the potential problems from shifts in climate!
Participation in GLOBE from this region has been on the rise, and it would be beneficial to see even more data entered from the region! The next Great Global Investigation of Climate is coming up in June, and it is an easy way to get involved! Are you a GLOBE school in the region that has been taking air temperature or precipitation measurements? How could you use those measurements to learn more about your climate? We’d love to hear from you! Leave us a comment or send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org!